The Ras Jedir and Dhehiba border crossings between Tunisia and Libya have been reopened as of 7 a.m. on Tuesday, March 22, according to an announcement by the Ministry of the Interior, both of Tunisia's main road border crossings with Libya had been closed since the March 7 attack in the city of Ben Guerdane near the Libyan border.
During the evening of Monday, March 21, eighteen Libyan trucks had been allowed to enter Tunisia at the Ras Jedir border crossing.
Also on Monday a curfew in the Governorate of Medenine since the attack, in which Ben Guerdane is located, was relaxed by two hours.
At dawn on March 7, over fifty militants simultaneously attacked security personnel, a national guard office, a customs office and a military barracks in the city of Ben Guerdane near the Libyan border. During the attack and the days immediately following it security forces killed forty nine militants and arrested nine.
The Tunisian authorities have stated that the unprecedented attack was an attempt by Tunisian militants, active in Libya, to establish an Islamic State emirate in Tunisia.
Tunisian security officials believe all three gunmen behind the Bardo and Sousse attacks of 2015 had trained in militant camps outside Sabratha, in Libya. After the Sousse attack the Tunisian authorities began construction on a 250 km 'security barrier' along its border with Libya.
The security barrier, completed in early February, runs the section of Tunisia's border between the Ras Jedir and Dhehiba border crossings.
The Islamic State affiliated, Jund al-Khilafah, claimed responsibility for the Bardo and Sousse attacks, and in November Jund al-Khilafah also claimed to be behind the suicide bombing in Tunis which killed twelve members of Tunisia’s Presidential Guard. Tunisian officials have stated that the explosives used in the Tunis bomb attack were of a ‘similar type’ to explosives seized earlier in 2015 which had been fabricated in Libya.
On February 19, a U.S. airstrike targeted Tunisian militants outside the Libyan city of Sabratha. The primary target of the airstrike was Noureddine Chouchane, a Tunisian Militant wanted Tunisian authorities for his role in the Bardo National Museum attack in March 2015, according to local Libyan sources the U.S. airstrike killed over 50 suspected militants, the vast majority of whom were Tunisian nationals.