Independent Constitutional Bodies

 

Article 125

The independent constitutional bodies act in support of democracy; and all institutions of the state must facilitate their work.

These bodies shall enjoy a legal personality and financial and administrative independence.

They are elected by the Assembly of the Representatives of the People by a qualified majority. They are responsible before the Assembly and shall submit an annual report to it. The report of each independent constitutional body is discussed in a special plenary session of the Assembly.

The law establishes the composition of these bodies, representation within them, the methods by which they are elected, and the processes for oversight of their functioning, and the procedures for insuring their accountability.

 

Part One: The Elections Commission

 

Article 126

The elections commission, named the Supreme Independent Elections Commission, is responsible for the management and organization of elections and referenda, supervising them in all their stages, ensuring the regularity, integrity, and transparency of the election process, and announcing election results.

The Commission has regulatory powers in its areas of responsibility.

The Commission shall be composed of nine independent, impartial, and competent members, with integrity, who undertake their work for a single six-year term. One third of its members are replaced every two years.

 

Part Two: Audio-Visual Communication Commission

 

Article 127

The Audio-Visual Communication Commission is responsible for the regulation and development of the audio-visual communication sector and ensures freedom of expression and information, and the establishment of a pluralistic media sector that functions with integrity.

The Commission has regulatory powers in its domain of responsibility. It must be consulted on draft laws in its areas of competence.

The Commission shall be composed of nine independent, neutral, competent, experienced members with integrity, who serve for one six-year term. One third of its members are replaced every two years.

 

Part Three: Human Rights Commission

Article 128

The Human Rights Commission oversees respect for, and promotion of, human freedoms and rights, and makes proposals to develop the human rights system. It must be consulted on draft laws that fall within the domain of its mandate.

The Commission conducts investigations into violations of human rights with a view to resolving them or referring them to the competent authorities.

The Commission shall be composed of independent and impartial members with competence and integrity. They undertake their functions for a single six-year term.

 

Part Four: Commission for Sustainable Development and the Rights of Future Generations

 

Article 129

The Commission for Sustainable Development and the Rights of Future Generations shall be consulted on draft laws related to economic, social and environmental issues, as well as development plans. The Commission may give its opinion on issues falling within its areas of responsibility.

The Commission shall be composed of members with competence and integrity, who undertake their tasks for a single six-year term.

 

Part Five: The Good Governance and Anti-Corruption Commission

 

Article 130

The Good Governance and Anti-Corruption Commission contributes to policies of good governance, and preventing and fighting corruption. It is responsible for following up on the implementation and dissemination of these policies, for the promotion of a culture of good governance, and for the consolidation of principles of transparency, integrity and accountability.

The Commission is responsible for monitoring cases of corruption within the public and private sectors. It carries out investigations into these cases and refers them to the competent authorities.

The Commission must be consulted on draft laws related to its area of competence. It can give its opinion on regulatory texts related to its area of competence.

The Commission is composed of independent, impartial, competent members, with integrity, who undertake their tasks for a single six- year term. One third of the members are replaced every two years.